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Home Phu Yen History & Culture
History & Culture PDF Print E-mail
Written by Administrator   
Tuesday, 07 October 2008 15:10

Phu Yen has had a traditional colorfull culture of continuation and constant development making the spiritual life of all the fraternal peoples in the province various and diversified.

If Phu Yen has been known by people throughout the whole country for their indomitable traditions of struggling against foreign invaders during the years of the resistance against the French colonialists – American imperialists, nowadays it is well – known all over the country as a cultural address fulll of identities. It was on this land that the former people created some musical instruments quite perfect in sounds and tunes around three millennium ago, that is the set of Tuy An stone musical instruments and the pair of Tuy An stone bugles announced by the National Council of Science in 1993 and 1996, these are the two musical instruments dated back to nearly 1000 BC.

Many ancient bronze drums have been discovered in Phu Yen during the recent years. According to the evaluation by Vietnam Museum of History, these are beautiful bronze drums, belonging to early dates in group C, aged from 1 to two centuries BC, similar to the existence epoch of the ancient culture of Sa Huynh in Central Vietnam.

In the past two years, the Museum of the province has discovered approximately one ton of ancient coins, in which there are Vietnamese and Chinese money dated from the 8th century to the 17th century.

 

There are many vestiges of history – revolution – culture and landscapes in Phu Yen, such as the place where the first Communist Party Cell in Phu Yen was founded; the Ngan Son – Chi Thanh Massacre; the Victory of Road 5; the Numberless Ship in Vung Ro bay; Sir Le Thanh Phuong’s and Sir Luong Van Chanh’s Tombs and Temples; Nhan Thap Tower; O Loan Lagoon; Da Dia (Rocky Dishes) Reef; the White Stones Pagoda which have been recognized by the State as the nation – level vestiges of History – Revolution – Culture and Landscape.

It is this land that has given births to the composers Nhat Lai, Truong Tuyet Mai, Kpă Y Lang; the poets Nguyen My, Van Cong; the writer Vo Hong; the painters Van Duong Thanh, Le Thi Hiep; the artist Mang Thi Hoi; the folklore culture researchers Ka So Lieng, Bui Tan, Tran Si Hue, Nguyen Dinh Chuc, Ngo Sao Kim; the writers Y Dieng, Lien Nam, To Phuong, Huynh Quang Nam, Dao Minh Hiep, Trieu Lam Chau, Huynh Thach Thao and dozens of other young artists stepping on the path of art creation that the former generations have been exploring.

More than 80,000 people with fraternal nations (Viet, Chinese, Ede, Bana, Cham, Tay, Nung . . . ) have formed an extremely abundant and diversified culture. Dozens of long poems of the ethnic minorities created by the former generations and now handed down in the form of folklore literature. Among which about 10 long poems have been collected by the researchers and published into books like the long poems of “Chi Lo Kok”, “Xing Chi On”, “Hbia Ta Lui-Ka Li Pu”, “Brothers Chi Blong”, “The Wicked Hlah God”, “The Horn of Sir and Madame Hbia Lo Da”, “Chi Lieu”, and “Chi Mo Nam”. Dozens of traditional musical instruments have been studied and used together with hundreds of folk melodies, lullabies and thousands of various attracting folk tales have been collected, selected for publication.

A lot of traditional festivals and ceremonies fulll of the nation’s cultural identities have been restored and promoted, which partly reserve the values of the non – object culture of the Vietnamese ethnic minorities, in which there are many traditional festivals collected, studied and kept in the National Institute of Archives like “Bai Choi Singing” festival, “Buffalo – Piercing” festival of the Bana tribe, the “Grave – Leaving” ceremony of the Ede tribe, the “New – House Celebration” festival by the Ede tribe, the “Ground – Worshipping” ceremony of the Viet people, the “Fish – Praying”, “Ho Khoan – singing festivals of the Viet tribe.

Many cultural activities have been becoming indispensable traditions like Sir Luong Van Chanh festival, Sir Le Thanh Phuong festival, The Nguyen Tieu (Lunar Mid – January) Poem Night, the Boat – Racing festival on O Loan lagoon, the Boat – Racing festival on the Song Chua river, the Spring – Flower festival, the Spring – Music festival . . .

 

 

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